Transactions of the ASAE
Finite element procedure was used to simulate multiple wheel loading and to predict its effect on soil compaction. Results of nonlinear analysis, conducted using an incremental loading procedure, show effects of tire size, soil type, and number of passes on soil compaction. The results of the study also demonstrate the potential use of the procedure in compaction related studies. However, experimental verification of the model is necessary before the procedure can be recommended for wider use.
Pollock, David; Perumpral, J V.; and Kuppusamy, T, "Finite Element Analysis of Multipass Effects of Vehicles on Soil Compaction" (1986). Faculty Publications - Department of Mechanical and Civil Engineering. 43.