This study explored the relationship between intellectual ability, socioeconomic status (SES), academic achievement and self-efficacy in a cross-cultural sample. Data from 90 students (63 students from Central America and 27 from the US) showed that regardless of culture or IQ, students from low SES families had signifi cantly lower grade point averages than students from medium- or high-SES families. Unexpectedly, data showed that regardless of culture or IQ, students from high-SES families had the lowest self-efficacy, but the highest academic performance. Results suggest that self-efficacy is likely to be related to expectations and selfperception beyond IQ or culture.
Jurecska, Diomaris E.; Chang, Kelly B.T.; Peterson, Mary A.; Lee-Zorn, Chloe E.; Merrick, Joav; and Sequeira, Elizabeth, "The Poverty Puzzle: The Surprising Difference between Wealthy and Poor Students for Self-efficacy and Academic Achievement" (2012). Faculty Publications - Psychology Department. 32.