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Abstract

On the eve of the Romanian revolution of December 1989, Ceausescu exercised a stranglehold on religious expression encompassing I) systematic interference in all aspects of church life, 2) physical intimidation, 3) a ban on Eastern Catholicism and the Lord's Army, and 4) increasing church demolitions. A truly courageous voice of protest from Reformed pastor Laszlo Tokes triggered massive multi-national interdenominational demonstrations in Timisoara which toppled the Communist dictatorship in a matter of days.

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