Orthodoxy has, by the Providence of God, been placed between Western Christianity, and Sunni Islam. Church nationalism (phyletism) has always been present in political and linguistic nationalism in the former Yugoslavia. The relationship between Serbian Orthodoxy, with Islam and Western Christianity is not satisfactory. In order to become satisfactory, it would be important for the Orthodox Church to create a new theology which would, primarily, be a theological (Orthodox) response to the signs of the times. However, this has not become the reality as of yet.
Djurić, Marko P.
"Serbian Orthodoxy Between Two Worlds,"
Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe: Vol. 38
, Article 6.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.georgefox.edu/ree/vol38/iss2/6