Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Leadership in Global Perspectives (DLd)



First Advisor

Darrell Peregrym, DMin

Second Advisor

Ron Clark, DMin

Third Advisor

Jason Clark, PhD, DMin


“WORLD’S GREATEST CHOCOLATE CHIP COOKIE RECIPE” was the boast of the notecard passed down for three generations. This particular recipe had won eighteen county fairs, five state fairs, and even a write up in Reader’s Digest, and now…it is yours! As you looked over this recipe that had survived the ages, you noticed “nutmeg” was one of the ingredients; you are not a fan of nutmeg though, so you used cinnamon instead. Next, the pecans were replaced with walnuts; the milk chocolate chips were replaced with dark chocolate; the salt was reduced; and lastly, instead of butter, you opted for shortening. Prerogative as the baker gives you the right to do as you please with the recipe, but the question must still be asked, “Is it still the WORLD’S GREATEST CHOCOLATE CHIP COOKIE RECIPE?” The Hebrew writer wrote,

Therefore, leaving the discussion of the elementary principles of Christ, let us go on to perfection, not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God, of the doctrines of baptisms, of laying on of hands, of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.

For the sake of this research, “Baptism” is going to represent our cookie recipe: an elementary lesson that Christians were supposed to grow from, and yet have neglected instead. The claim of this research is that the modern evangelical movement, which used to aggressively teach baptism, has today, neglected and even changed the meaning of baptism as presented in Scripture. For this reason, this research is intended to bring life back to baptism by demonstrating its five, very specific biblical benefits: uniting believers to Christ, forgiving sins, taking part of the new covenant with God, filling them with the Holy Spirit, and adding them to the kingdom of God.


On August 29 2022, this degree of Doctor of Ministry with a concentration in Leadership and Global Perspectives (DMin) was exchanged for a Doctor of Leadership in Global Perspectives (DLd), with the approval of George Fox University, ATS, and NWCCU.

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