ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal
Obesity is an epidemic in the United States. Most health and fitness (H&F) professionals are familiar with reports showing that 69% of American adults are overweight, and an estimated 36.5%are obese, defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m2 or higher and 30 kg/m2 or higher, respectively. Thus, 78.6 million American adults are considered to have excess weight that is detrimental to their health (16,17,19). In 2014, there was not a single state with a prevalence of obesity of less than 20%, and 19 states were reported to have an obesity prevalence of more than 30%. This is a remarkable change since 1990, when the prevalence of obesity was only 12%, and no state had an obesity prevalence of more than 15% (6). Obesity raises the risk of early mortality and other chronic diseases and is associated with increased health care costs, placing a large financial burden on the United States.
Imboden, Mary T.; Montoye, Alexander H.K.; and Kaminsky, Leonard A., "The Benefits of Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference in the Assessment of Health Risk" (2016). Faculty Publications - Department of Health and Human Performance. 11.