Body composition assessments commonly focus predominantly on fat mass, however lean mass (LM) measurements also provide useful information regarding clinical and nutritional status. LM measurements help predict health outcomes and diagnose sarcopenia, which has been associated with frailty. Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is an established technique used in clinical and research settings to assess body composition including total and regional LM. Currently, there are no reference values available that were derived from GE-Healthcare DXA systems directly for US adults for LM, LM index (LMI), percent LM (% LM), and appendicular lean mass index (ALMI) and it is known that whole-body and regional LM measures differ by DXA manufacturer.
Imboden, Mary T.; Swartz, Ann M.; Finch, Holmes W.; Harber, Matthew P.; and Kaminsky, Leonard A., "Reference Standards for Lean Mass Measures Using GE Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry in Caucasian Adults" (2017). Faculty Publications - Department of Health and Human Performance. 7.