Elucidating the Auxetic Behavior of Cementitious Cellular Composites Using Finite Element Analysis and Interpretable Machine Learning
With the advent of 3D printing, auxetic cellular cementitious composites (ACCCs) have recently garnered signiﬁcant attention owing to their unique mechanical performance. To enable seamless performance prediction of the ACCCs, interpretable machine learning (ML)-based approaches can provide efﬁcient means. However, the prediction of Poisson’s ratio using such ML approaches requires large and consistent datasets which is not readily available for ACCCs. To address this challenge, this paper synergistically integrates a ﬁnite element analysis (FEA)-based framework with ML to predict the Poisson’s ratios. In particular, the FEA-based approach is used to generate a dataset containing 850 combinations of different mesoscale architectural void features. The dataset is leveraged to develop an ML-based prediction tool using a feed-forward multilayer perceptron-based neural network (NN) approach which shows excellent prediction efﬁcacy. To shed light on the relative inﬂuence of the design parameters on the auxetic behavior of the ACCCs, Shapley additive explanations (SHAP) is employed, which establishes the volume fraction of voids as the most inﬂuential parameter in inducing auxetic behavior. Overall, this paper develops an efﬁcient approach to evaluate geometry-dependent auxetic behaviors for cementitious materials which can be used as a starting point toward the design and development of auxetic behavior in cementitious composites.
machine learning, auxetic cementitious cellular composites, auxetic behavior, neural network, SHAP, finite element analysis
Lyngdoh, Gideon A.; Kelter, Nora-Kristin; Donor, Sami; Krishnan, N. M. Anoop; and Das, Sumanta, "Elucidating the Auxetic Behavior of Cementitious Cellular Composites Using Finite Element Analysis and Interpretable Machine Learning" (2022). Faculty Publications - Biomedical, Mechanical, and Civil Engineering. 111.
Originally published in Materials & Design, Volume 213, January 2022, 110431.