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This report addresses outstanding safety issues and research needs for Plastics and Composite Intensive Vehicles (PCIVs) to facilitate their safe deployment by 2020. PCIVs have the potential to revolutionize the automotive sector; however, the use of plastics and composite materials in automotive structures requires an in-depth knowledge of their unique performance characteristics in the crash and safety environment. Included in this report is a proposed definition of the PCIV, a review of potential safety benefits, lessons-learned, and progress to date towards crashworthiness of PCIVs as well as proposed safety performance specifications and research needs.