Document Type


Publication Date



Introduction/Purpose: Muscle training muscle control for barefoot running (i.e. doming seated[DS] and standing[DSt]) and post foot and ankle injury (i.e. seated plantar flexion and inversion[SPFI]) are common. Although studies demonstrated improvement in foot posture (validated foot posture index [FPI]) immediately following a 4-week exercise program this was not assessed in people with flatfoot. Also, more rigorous assessment of foot function is lacking (i.e. foot posture, strength, and plantar pressure during walking). There is clearly a need for more rigorous clinical data on the effect of foot exercises. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the immediate effect of a 4-week exercise program on a comprehensive assessment of foot function to evaluate the potential for a more rigorous clinical trial.


Originally published in Foot & Ankle Orthopaedics, 2(3) DOI: 10.1177/2473011417S000199 ©The Author(s) 2017