A latent class analysis was applied to the religious beliefs of 485 respondents in Rosie Rutherford's authoritative 2003 survey of British Friends. The analysis produced three groups: (1) Christian Quakers (27%), who hold a traditional Christian theology; (2) secularized Quakers (37%), who do not consider themselves atheists, but whose conception of God is not personal; and (3) Inner Light Quakers (36%), who emphasize the inner light and 'that of God in everyone' .
Cary, Mark S. and Dandelion, Pink 'Ben'
"Three Kinds of British Friends: A Latent Class Analysis,"
Quaker Studies: Vol. 12
, Article 11.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.georgefox.edu/quakerstudies/vol12/iss1/11