Author ORCID Identifier

ORCID: 0000-0001-7236-467X


This article examines the processes of socio-cultural change under conditions of secularization. The conditions for the appearance of several secularization areas are considered, and the features of their formation and their current state are revealed. Analysis of the anthropological factor in the processes of secularization is carried out and its role in the process of desecularization is shown. Within the framework of secularization, there has been an expansion of the possibilities for a person to determine his or her understanding of the connection with God. As a result, a new socio-religious population stratum has formed: those who consider themselves believers, but do not affiliate with any existing religion. The research indicates that the formation of the “state-church-human” relationship in the process of secularization was directly dependent on the way church property was confiscated. In the Soviet Union, the economic base of the Church was destroyed in a short time. With the help of repressions against the clergy, the Church was also destroyed as a social entity of a new socialist society. The rapid and violent process characterizes a distinctly socialist model of secularization, different from the Western one. Depending on the secularization model, the formation of the public consciousness regarding religion has different results.



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