Author ORCID Identifier

Valentyna Kuryliak, ORCID: 0000-0001-5245-9700

Volodymyr Dudarets, ORCID: 0000-0002-9619-9637

Valeriy Bulatov, ORCID: 0000-0003-0832-2429


The article presents the evolution of ergonomics and design of Protestant churches in Ukraine in the period from 1991-2021. Since Ukraine left the Soviet Union, the Soviet worldview of Ukrainian Protestants has gradually changed, which, in turn, influenced the formation of the subject-spatial environment and, in general, the ergo design of Protestant churches. The concept presented in the article is that ergo design is similar to a living organism, which changes under the influence of external factors, such as the emotional feeling of believers, political and economic changes, etc. This influence was especially evident during the transitional period on the territory of Ukraine, beginning on August 24, 1991, when the Verkhovna Rada adopted the “Act of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine,” which led to the achievement of religious freedom by the churches. The newfound freedom for Protestants in Ukraine opened the way for the implementation of design solutions in their churches, despite a significant lack of funds. The Protestant worldview, freed from the influence of Soviet ideology, was reflected in the pictorial features of the spatial and artistic environment of the sacred structures. The contrast of changes in the ergo design and architecture of Ukrainian Protestant churches is summarized in this study.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.