Moral distress and its associated negative consequences among postlicensure nurses have been extensively discussed in the literature. Moral distress is defined as knowing the ethically correct action one should take but feeling constrained from acting on one’s convictions because of internal and external constraints (Epstein & Delgado, 2010; Hamric, 2014; Jameton, 1984; McCarthy & Gastmans, 2015; Musto, Rodney, & Vanderheide, 2015). The focus in much of the reviewed literature is on measuring and describing moral distress, moral residue (lingering feelings associated with moral distress), and subsequent deleterious consequences (frustration, apathy, compassion
Krautscheid,, Lorretta; DeMeester, Deborah A.; Orton, Valorie; Smith, Austin; Livingston, Conor; and McLennon, Susan M., "Moral Distress and Associated Factors Among Baccalaureate Nursing Students: A Multisite Descriptive Study" (2017). Faculty Publications - School of Nursing. 13.