Document Type


Publication Date

Winter 2000


One of the greatest challenges for counsellors is finding ways to promote constructive client actions outside sessions (Shelton & Levy, 1981). Often, clients perform well during therapeutic encounters but have difficulty applying what they have learned to real life situations (Stokes & Baer, 1977). In fact, inability to generalize learning is one of the most frequent problems encountered in our field (Rose, 1989).

Some of our most difficult and resistant clients are those who appear compliant, cooperative, eager, and solicitous in sessions but don't translate insights into action in their lives (Kottler, 1992), and don't continue their progress after treatment ends (Davison, 1997). Yet they will have achieved little for their efforts if they cannot apply what they have learned in other settings and at other times.


Originally published in Guidance & Counselling. Winter 2000, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p8. 4p.

Included in

Counseling Commons