Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction
Connections in wood structures are important when designing for ductility. The 1997 Uniform Building Code has taken this into consideration when designating wind and earthquake load duration factors for connections. Factors of 1.6 or 1.33 may be applied to the connection strength, depending on the type of yield mode exhibited by the connection, which may be determined from the yield limit equations supplied in the National Design Specification for Wood Construction (NDS). The NDS provides the designer with multiple tables containing capacities for various common connections. Unfortunately, yield modes are not published along with tabulated capacities. Therefore, the designer must carry out potentially cumbersome calculations using the NDS yield limit equations simply to determine the governing yield mode before an appropriate Uniform Building Code load duration factor can be applied. In this paper, several NDS tables are extended to include capacity and yield mode, smaller side member thickness configurations are added to the existing nail/spike tables, and a useful toe-nail table is provided. The overall purpose of these tables is to accelerate the design process by eliminating time-consuming calculations.
Tucker, Brian J.; Pollock, David; Fridley, Kenneth J.; and Peters, Jeffrey J., "Governing Yield Modes for Common Bolted and Nailed Wood Connections" (2000). Faculty Publications - Biomedical, Mechanical, and Civil Engineering. 38.