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Introduction/Purpose: Triple arthrodesis has historically been considered the standard of treatment for arthritis of the hindfoot with or without deformity. The complications of this surgery including non-union, malunion, nerve injury, infection and wound healing problems can occur at any of the three joints. Double arthrodesis is capable of producing a similar reduction in degrees of motion and correction of foot deformity but may also cause less patient morbidity in regard to these complications due to one less joint being incorporated into the fusion procedure. What is unknown is the patient reported outcomes, specifically physical function (PF) and pain interference (PI) between these two procedures. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes for hindfoot deformity using a triple compared to a double arthrodesis.


Originally published in Foot & Ankle Orthopaedics, 5(4) DOI: 10.1177/2473011420S00251 ©The Author(s) 2020