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Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been used to treat a variety of extremity problems in head-injured patients. Specifically, NMES has been used to gain motor control, reduce joint contractures, and reduce muscle hypertonicity.1 Such uses rely on intact peripheral nerve excitability to generate the desired muscular response. This article will present some clinically relevant methods of maximizing the effectiveness of NMES programs for facilitating limb control in the head-injured patient. Stimulator features that help ensure treatment success will be identified. The special cognitive considerations that must be addressed when using NMES on the head-injured patient will also be discussed. The article will conclude with a discussion of therapeutic and functional tasks that NMES may help facilitate.