Date of Award
Master of Arts in Theological Studies (MATS)
Kent L. Yinger
This thesis discusses two ancient cosmologies: Genesis 1: 1-2:3 and Enuma Elish. It details the culture in which each was written by discovering the possible time periods from which each cosmology came. This thesis also seeks to understand why each narrative was written and what the author was propagating to its respective audience. Finally, the present thesis contrasts similarities and differences between the two cosmologies and explains motivations for the similarities and. differences. Both cosmologies were conceived of and written down to encourage its respective audience to believe in the religions patron deity. This thesis maintains that the author of Genesis . 1: 1-2:3 was engaging in an ideological war with the culture that produced Enuma Elish. In an ·attempt to understand this war, the reader will become enlightened to the cultural identity of each cosmology by investigating their similarities and differences. This will be done by studying about Genesis 1: 1-2:3 in chapter two. The JEDP theory will be detailed as well as the circumstances surrounding the writing of the Genesis 1 cosmology. It will th1en discuss important elements of the translated passage. Chapter three examines Enuma Elish. The chapter will include the circumstances surrounding the findings of the text, and possible time periods of Enuma Elish's authorship will be discussed. There will be a summary of the text followed by a discussion of the text as well as a comment on the evolution of the gods. The fourth chapter studies the similarities and differences between Genesis 1:1-2:3 and Enuma Elish. The similarities observed will demonstrate the related cultures of ancient Babylon and Judah. The distinctions between the two make evident the uniqueness of each religion and culture. This thesis will end with a conclusion based upon the important findings of each cosmology.
Kirk, Rebecca L., "Genesis 1:1-2:3 and Enuma Elish: Ideological Warfare Between Judah and Babylon" (2005). Western Evangelical Seminary Theses. 487.