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The study reported describes a combination of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and collagen (C) to regenerate bone. Unilateral critical-sized defects (CSDs) were prepared in radii of 32 skeletally mature New Zealand white rabbits. Rabbits were divided evenly among four treatments: autograft, absorbable C (Helistatt), 35 mg of rhBMP-2 combined with absorbable C (rhBMP-2/C), and untreated CSDs. The two euthanasia periods were 4 and 8 weeks. Radiographs were taken the day of surgery, every 2 weeks, and at term and the percent of radiopacity was measured. Data analysis revealed a time-dependent increase in the percent radiopacity with rhBMP-2/C. Histological examination revealed the rhBMP-2/C treatment regenerated osseous contour by 8 weeks. According to quantitative histomorphometry, the CSD and C groups had significantly less new bone than either autograft or rhBMP-2/C (p ¡ 0.05). The results suggest that rhBMP-2/C could be an effective therapy to restore segmental bone defects.


Originally published by Journal of Applied Biomaterials, 43(4), 356-364, 1998.
1998 © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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