Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Ministry (DMin)



First Advisor

MaryKate Morse

Second Advisor

Debby Thomas


This study is based on the observation that large numbers of Oraon tribals in the state of Jharkhand, India are embracing Christianity, and an increasing number of small churches in the region is evidenced. The Oraon new believers, however, lack adequate spiritual nurture, resulting in spiritual stagnancy, a leaning to syncretism, and practice of unhealthy traditions. These traits leave the Oraon churches spiritually impoverished and unsustainable. The study seeks to ascertain appropriate measures to infuse and instill such health and vitality.

Chapter one describes the nature of the Oraon people movement first and then places it within its national context. Brief definitions of key terms and concepts underlying this studyare included. Similarities with Christward movements around the world, particularly in Africa, Latin America, and Asia are highlighted.

Chapter two then describes the process of indigenization of Christianity and the emergence of the indigenous church in India. A brief description of subalterns in India, who have been the predominant population1 among whom these movements have taken place, provides the foundation for this study targeting the Kurukh people. The chapter concludes by identifying the distinctives of the current Christward movement succinctly as the “third wave.”

Chapter three is a detailed sketch of the history, culture, religion, and life in general of the Kurukhar.2 Their worldview and religious beliefs factoring positive responses to Christ are discussed, and finally suggestions are made to instill health and vitality in the Kurukh Christian church. Chapter four discusses the importance of considering contextualization and inculturation of the gospel as an indispensable need to build a healthy and sustainable Kurukh church. Chapter five brings the study to a conclusion by resolving the identified problem through the raising of appropriately trained and equipped Kurukh leaders within their own context to disciple Kurukh believers through contextual Christian religious education.

Included in

Christianity Commons