Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Ministry (DMin)



First Advisor

Sarita Edwards, PhD

Second Advisor

Clifford Berger, DMin

Third Advisor

Jason Clark, DMin, PhD


Evangelical colleges and universities in North America are at a tipping point. Schools are struggling to demonstrate their relevance to a culture that separates faith from work. This research demonstrates that using the pedagogical approach of service learning, colleges and universities can empower students to integrate their faith and vocation, ultimately producing locally and globally engaged citizens. The sections begin with a description of the ministry problem, noting the educational problems as well as the theological problems which produce systems of disintegration in faith and vocation for traditional undergraduate students. Next, the biblical foundation of symbiotic relationships between Godself, humanity, and one another is addressed through an exegesis of Genesis 1–3. Through the work of Jesus, relationships have been restored and Paul further models a covocational lifestyle integrating faith and work. The third section traces the disintegration of faith and work throughout Evangelical Christian higher education. From Martin Luther to the Bible colleges of North America, secularization is presented as a chasm that separates faith from work. Fourth, the pedagogy of service learning is presented as a way to reintegrate faith and vocation for undergraduates studying at Evangelical colleges and universities. Through the establishment of the “Encounter – Formation – Expression” framework and five critical best practices, institutions can restore the rift caused by secularization and the individualization of service. Next, the service experiences of students and alumni who participated in service learning projects through the Center for Student Action at Azusa Pacific University (APU) are presented, and the “Encounter – Formation – Expression” framework is brought to life using three key themes which emerged from the research. The final section articulates how the programs at Azusa Pacific University can be further developed and become exemplary for Evangelical Christian higher education institutions throughout North America.