Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Ministry (DMin)



First Advisor

Eugene Austin, DMin

Second Advisor

Jamale Kempt, DMin


After the 2023 U. S. Supreme Court ruling that diluted President John F. Kennedy’s Executive Order Number 10925, commonly known as Affirmative Action, this research proposes viable strategies that could afford African American society solutions to re-educate its youth to advance future generations toward an educational and cultural evolution. Evolution suggests a systematic process toward improvement that takes time, strategy, effort, and resources. America’s founding fathers brought Africans to the United States to build an economic empire. While Florida Governor Ron DeSantis puts forth that enslavement was a form of apprenticeship where enslaved persons trained for lucrative careers, a more critical review of American history dictates otherwise.

Enslavement stripped Africans of everything –their identity, dignity, the ability to make decisions concerning their lives and families, and the ability to profit from their brain power, business acumen, and labor. Enslaved persons worked for centuries, often from sunrise to sunset, without compensation. Owners of enslaved persons profited from that labor, enriching their families, their posterity, and the nation. Since efforts for reparations are stalled, evaluating the proficiency of African American society to mitigate centuries of oppression independently becomes the focus of this study.

The researcher seeks to identify, enumerate, and validate the intelligence of African Americans in recovering their divine, social, and intellectual authority. Adopting the philosophy that “no one is coming to save us” can promote self-sufficiency, self-respect, and a re-directed focus toward mental, emotional, and economic empowerment. Today, African Americans have educated citizens and contextual intellect concerning the inner workings of America’s systems. This research reimagines how African Americans can defeat racism and overcome generational poverty.

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Christianity Commons