This study examined the effects of variations in acculturation and gender on identity processes and outcomes. Three hundred ﬁfty-seven students at a culturally diverse university completed measures of identity processes (exploration, commitment, and identity style) and outcomes (identity status). The generalizability of the underlying identity processes across contextual variations was ascertained by evaluating the consistency of factor solutions across immigrant generation and gender. Results suggested that the processes underlying identity development are consistent across variations in acculturation and gender. Supplemental analyses revealed effects of acculturation and gender on the extent to which individuals utilized various identity processes and manifested various identity outcomes.
Schwartz, Seth J. and Montgomery, Marilyn J., "Similarities or Differences in Identity Development? The Impact of Acculturation and Gender on Identity Process and Outcome" (2002). Faculty Publications - Graduate School of Counseling. 82.