Growth-oriented groups for adults are designed to help individuals learn about themselves for the purpose of making constructive life changes. While the success of such groups always depends to some extent on individual characteristics (e.g., motivation, openness to experience), group success can also be affected by members' beliefs or stereotypes about appropriate age-related behaviour. In this article, proverbs such as Don't change horses mid-stream or Opportunity knocks only once are targeted for discussion by group participants as a means of identifying irrational beliefs, confronting stereotypes, promoting flexible thinking, and examining acceptable adult behaviour.
Montgomery, Marilyn; DeBell, Camille; McCarthy, Patricia R.; and Parr, Gerald, "Opportunity Knocks Only Once? Challenging Common Beliefs About Adulthood" (2001). Faculty Publications - Graduate School of Counseling. 86.