Document Type


Publication Date



Previous researchers have reported survey results of the beliefs and behaviors of psychologists (Pope, Tabachnick, & Keith-Spiegel, 1987) and counselors (Gibson & Pope, 1993) with regard to professional ethics. We sent the same instrument to 900 Christian counselors, and received back 496 completed surveys. Rarely and commonly practiced ethical behaviors are described, and differences by sex, age, highest degree, and licensure status are discussed. Although Christian counselors generally appear to have high regard for and good awareness of ethical standards, many unlicensed Christian counselors may benefit from additional training in preventing exploitative counseling relationships. Current professional standards for multiple-role relationships may not apply well to all Christian counseling situations, making an ethics code for Christian counselors an important goal for the immediate future. Implications for training para-professionals and for subsequent research are considered.


Originally published in the Journal of Psychology and Theology, 24, 26-37.

Included in

Psychology Commons