Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)


Graduate Department of Clinical Psychology

First Advisor

Winston Seegobin, Psy.D.

Second Advisor

Kristie Knows His Gun, Psy.D.

Third Advisor

Mark McMinn, Ph.D.


As students attend their chosen college or university day to day stressors and challenges can become overwhelming. The stressors that come with new collegiate expectations and demands can increase the importance for colleges and universities to foster students’ development. Programming or courses that increase students’ hope, resilience, and religiousness could make their college experience much better and more enjoyable. This study hypothesized the following: a will be positive correlation between hope, resilience, and positive religious coping, a positive correlation between religious coping and the collaborative subscale of the religious problem-solving scale, and that religiousness will be higher at George Fox University compared to Ashland University as measured by the religiosity measure. Participants in this study were undergraduate college students from both George Fox University and Ashland University, participants ranged in age from 18-52, with mainly European-American identifiers. The majority of participants were white, United States born, female, and were between the ages of 18-24. Participants were surveyed using the Adult Hope Scale, Connor Davidson Resilience Scale, R-Cope: Religious Coping Scale, and the Religious Problem-Solving Scale. Participants were also asked three questions: Has your university facilitated improvement or made opportunities available which increased your sense of hope, resilience, and faith? If yes, what specifically has the university done to increase those factors? If no, what could the university do to help you increase those factors, and are there things you do on your own to improve hope, resilience, and faith? Results were analyzed using a Pearson correlation and ANOVA. The results indicate that hope and resilience have a strong positive correlation. Positive religious coping and resilience also have a positive correlation. There was a strong positive correlation between positive religious coping and the collaborative subscale of the religious problem-solving scale. A one-way between subjects ANOVA indicated that positive religious coping was significantly higher at George Fox University and that Deferring Problem Solving subscale was also significantly higher at George Fox University.

Included in

Psychology Commons