Elsa Wong

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)


Graduate Department of Clinical Psychology


The Chinese in America must deal with two cultures. Their original culture with its traditions and norms may clash with the larger Western culture in which they live. How this tension is resolved and manifested was examined in terms of a number of factors, including spiritual well-being, self esteem, and social desirability. It was hypothesized that for a Chinese church group in the Northwest, spiritual well-being and self esteem would be positively correlated with social desirability factored out of the relationship. Spiritual well-being was measured by the Spiritual Well-Being Scale which included a total Spiritual Well-Being score, the Existential Well-Being score, and the Religious Well-Being score. Self esteem was measured by the Tennessee Self Concept Scale, using the subscales Self Criticism, Net and Total Conflict, and overall Positive. Social desirability was measured by the Edwards Social Desirability Scale. Significant relationships were found between the subscales of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale and the subscales of the Tennessee Self Concept Scale. These relationships were not significantly affected by Edwards Social Desirability Scale scores. Demographic variables which were correlated with these scales included age, number of years in the U.S., education, and birthplace.

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