Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)


Graduate Department of Clinical Psychology

First Advisor

Carilyn Ellis, PsyD

Second Advisor

Kenneth Logan, PsyD

Third Advisor

Jory Smith, PsyD


The United States is currently facing a shortage of mental-health providers that affects 160 million Americans. The need to empower the health system with appropriately knowledgeable, skilled, and diversely aware people mental-health practitioners is a critical necessity for current and future healthcare needs. This study aims to validate the importance of multiple methods of evaluation (self, peer, supervisor) in competency-based training of clinical psychologists. Multiple methods of evaluation offer unique contributions to competency-based education, including providing a scaffolding for building confidence and progressive alignment of evaluation of self with supervisor evaluation. Over time, students were able to better align with supervisor evaluation of strengths and weaknesses and core training competencies, while peers played an important role in scaffolding confidence. Multimodal evaluations facilitated improved self-assessment in growing clinicians’ education—an important developmental competency.

Included in

Psychology Commons