The town of Newcastle in the early nineteenth century offered many diverse forms of entertainment and socialising for middle class men and women. Although the religious beliefs of Quakers excluded them from sharing in many of these activities, their faith offered them unique opportunities to participate in, lead, and challenge middle class lifestyle. Through examining the domestic, religious, and charitable conduct of the women of the Richardson family it can be seen how their understanding of society was mediated through religious beliefs that allowed them to challenge the role of the typical middle class woman.
"Women in the Quaker Community: The Richardson Family of Newcastle, C.1815-60,"
Quaker Studies: Vol. 9
, Article 5.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.georgefox.edu/quakerstudies/vol9/iss2/5