Date of Award
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
Graduate Department of Clinical Psychology
This study explored the relationship of interpersonal behavior traits and spiritual well-being to blood pressure. Using the Interpersonal Behavior Survey, the study correlated interpersonal behavior traits with bl0od pressure levels. Additionally, using the Spiritual Well-Being Scale, the study evaluated the correlation between spiritual well-being and blood pressure levels. It was found that blood pressure was unrelated to assertiveness in this sample, which consisted of 88 patients in a medical out-patient clinic. Assertiveness, however, was found to be positively correlated with spiritual well-being. Both are seen as being important aspects to quality of life. Aggression expressed in a passive manner was found to be correlated with increased blood pressure. Aggressiveness expressed in verbal and physical manners was correlated with lower blood pressure. Spiritual Well-Being was found to be highly negatively correlated with aggression. It was also found to be positively correlated with denial. Finally, a negative correlation was found between spiritual well-being and blood pressure. While there were a low number of participants with high blood pressure in this sample, the results indicate spiritual well-being may lower blood pressure and is an important aspect in quality of life.
Hawkins, David B., "Interpersonal Behavior Traits, Spiritual Well-Being and Their Relationship to Blood Pressure" (1986). Doctor of Psychology (PsyD). 399.