Serhii Plokhy


Much of the current discussion concerning the future of independent Ukraine has centered on the issue of nation-building. Two models of the Ukrainian state, (1) national (the state of the ‘Ukrainian people’) and (2) multi-ethnic (the state of ‘the people of Ukraine’), usually serve as starting points for scholarly discussions.2 It is quite obvious that the future of church-state relations in Ukraine will depend heavily on the choices made by the newly independent state in its nationbuilding strategy. It is equally true that the religious policy of the government and the response to it on the part of organized religion will influence the process of nation-building. In the area of church-state relations, current Ukrainian governments face the dilemma of either forging an alliance with the traditional (national) churches, or allowing “all flowers to bloom,” with consequent equal treatment of all denominations, including those closely linked to neighboring states (especially Russia and Poland).



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