This paper analyzes the condition of Judaism and of the Jewish people in the first quarter of the 20th century after Soviet authority was established in Georgia. The Bolsheviks annexed the independent democratic republic. Russian violence was not only political. The new authority expressed unprecedented aggression towards different religious confessions in the country. Among the persecuted confessions were also representatives of the Georgian Orthodox Church. The Bolsheviks expropriated chapels from Jews living in Kareli, Surami, and Gori. It is a well-known fact that the Jews had lived in Shida Kartli for a long time. In 19th and 20th centuries 400 Jews lived in Kareli, where they had a Khakhami and Synagogue. The Jews also inhabited Surami, Gori and Urbnisi. The research includes the following issues:

The social and political situation in Georgia in the first quarter of the 20th century after the Soviet annexation;

The condition of different religious confessions in Georgia;

The impact of the Soviet repressions on Jewish people as the result of the annexation of Georgia by Soviet Russia.



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