With the end of the Second World War, Yugoslavia became a de facto communist country. One of the policies of the new communist regime was to relegate religion entirely to the private sphere and to reduce the influence of religious communities in the public sphere. As a number of its legacies were expropriated, the Islamic Community of Yugoslavia was in need of new sources of funding. In order to reform a centuries-long practice of collection and distribution of religious contributions, zakat, and sadaqat al-fitr, a theoretical framework was needed to allow for that reform. This paper examines the origins of a fatwa that regulated and formulated the collection and distribution of the above fund. The fatwa was issued by Husein Djozo, a religious official and scholar from the former Yugoslavia. This work examines Djozo as an author of the fatwa, the influence the renowned Muslim reformers had on him, and the effects of the fatwa on religious activities of Yugoslav Muslims.



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