This study was derived from an ethnographic study conducted with five ESL learners and their peers in a Christian college in the Midwest. The theoretical framework of this article was built upon Freire’s (2000) and Kumashiro’s (2001) anti-oppressive education. The study employed various data sources to find out how Christian and non-Christian ESL freshmen experienced a sense of otherness in the local college community. The findings reveal the hidden norms in the faith-based college, which marginalized the non-Christian ESL freshmen from being legitimate participants (Lave & Wenger, 1991). The researcher provides recommendations to educators and administrators in higher education for advising international students and providing services to them. The researcher also highlights the importance of having a deeper understanding of the plights experienced by non-Christian ESL freshmen at Christian colleges in the USA.
Lee-Johnson, Yin Lam
"The Troubled Sense of Otherness among Christian and Non-Christian ESL Freshmen at a Christian College in the Midwest,"
International Christian Community of Teacher Educators Journal: Vol. 10
, Article 6.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.georgefox.edu/icctej/vol10/iss2/6